Germany was home to the first gay rights movement in the late 1800s and was well-known as a bastion of sexual liberalism during the Weimar Republic. But since World War II, it has been slower than many other European countries to recognize LGBT+ rights. In the last two decades, the LGBT+ movement has gained momentum that is arguably unprecedented in speed and suddenness when compared to other human rights movements. Its impact is not consistent across Europe though. How can the differences in LGBT+ rights and recognition be explained?
Location: Doelenzaal, University Library, Singel 425
Dr. Phillip Ayoub investigates the recent history of this transnational movement in Europe, as well as backlashes to it. Focusing on the diffusion of the norms the movement champions, he examines the overarching question of why the trajectories of socio-legal recognition for LGBT+ minorities are so different across states. He uses the German case to show how activists mobilize horizontally and vertically to leverage change in the European polity.
About the speaker
Phillip M. Ayoub is Associate Professor of Diplomacy and World Affairs at Occidental College in Los Angeles. He is the author of When States Come Out: Europe’s Sexual Minorities and the Politics of Visibility (Cambridge University Press, 2016) and his articles have appeared in Comparative Political Studies, the European Journal of International Relations, Political Research Quarterly, Mobilization, the European Political Science Review, the Journal of Human Rights, Social Politics and Social Movement Studies, among others.
Krijn Thijs (moderator) is senior staff member at the Duitsland Instituut Amsterdam at the University of Amsterdam. He obtained his PhD from the Free University Amsterdam. In his dissertation, he compared Berlin narratives and the city’s anniversary celebrations in the Third Reich, the DDR and West-Berlin, which was awarded a Study Prize of the Stiftung Praemium Erasmianum. He has published widely about the contemporary history of Berlin and Germany, with an emphasis on political cultures, collective memories and professional history writing in the twentieth century. Currently, he contributes to the Berlin exhibition in the future Humboldt Forum.
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