The European Union is at risk of missing its 2020 targets to reduce the number of early-school leavers and increase the share of students completing tertiary education, according to a report which will be discussed by Ministers at the Education, Youth, Culture and Sport (EYCS) Council on Friday (10 February).
The crisis is severely affecting young people, with youth unemployment above 40% in some Member States. The joint EU Council-Commission report, entitled "Education and Training in a smart, sustainable and inclusive Europe" shows that quality education is a key factor in preventing unemployment, by providing young people with the skills and qualifications needed to find a job. Higher education and academic excellence have a vital role to play in increasing Europe's competitiveness and enabling it to emerge stronger from the crisis.
“Young people have been hit disproportionally hard by the crisis. We have to invest efficiently in education and training to ensure that they have the skills and adaptability required to succeed in a competitive world. The Commission's proposed new programme for education, training and youth, Erasmus for All, responds to this need by opening up more opportunities for young people and teachers to increase their personal development and skills,” said Androulla Vassiliou, Commissioner for Education, Culture, Multilingualism and Youth.
The joint report finds that Member States are making slow progress towards achieving their Europe 2020 target of reducing school drop-out rates below 10%. In 2010, the early school leaving rate averaged 14.1% across the EU compared to 14.4% the year before. There are considerable differences between the Member States, with Malta (virtually unchanged at 36.9%), Portugal (28.7%) and Spain (28.4%) having the highest rates, although both Portugal and Spain have improved on their 2009 figures (31.2% in both cases). The best performers continue to be Slovakia (4.7%), the Czech Republic (4.9%) and Slovenia (5%).
If current trends continue, the report states that the 2020 target will not be met.
The report also shows that achieving the EU's tertiary attainment target - raising the share of 30-34-year-olds who have graduated from the current EU average of 33.6 % to at least 40% - cannot be taken for granted. Seven Member States score below 25% (Romania, Malta, Italy, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Austria and Portugal). The best performers are Ireland (49.9%), Denmark (47%) and Luxembourg (46.1%).
On the positive side, the share of low-achievers in basic skills in reading, maths and science, 20% in 2009 compared to 24.1% in 2006, is on track for meeting the EU target of less than 15% by the end of the decade.
The Education Ministers are also expected to hold their first exchanges with Commissioner Vassiliou on the 'Erasmus for All' proposal. The new programme, which is due to come into force in 2014, has already received a broadly positive response in the EU Council working group on education and from members of the European Parliament.
Education and training are at the heart of the European Union's strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. Commissioner Vassiliou will urge Education Ministers to continue to focus on modernising their education systems to equip learners with relevant skills and to tackle early school leaving. The key findings of the joint report support the Commission's recent call for Member States to prepare national plans to tackle youth unemployment (MEMO/12/57).
The joint Council-Commission report provides an interim review of the implementation of the Strategic Framework for European Cooperation in Education and Training ("ET2020") adopted in 2009. It examines the main trends in education and training policies in European countries during 2009-2011 and highlights the role of education and training in responding to the challenges of the current economic and financial crisis.
The report is accompanied by a detailed review of policy trends across the EU in a number of areas, including the Europe 2020 education targets, education budgets, lifelong learning and skills, and a collection of summaries outlining the main developments in each country.
Table 1: Early School Leaving: 2010 rates in %
Table 2: Tertiary or equivalent education attainment: 2010 levels in %