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Verordening 2013/1380 - Gemeenschappelijk visserijbeleid

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1.

Samenvatting van Wetgeving

The EU’s common fisheries policy

SUMMARY OF:

Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 on the common fisheries policy

WHAT IS THE AIM OF THE REGULATION?

  • The regulation contains the basic rules of the EU’s common fisheries policy (CFP).
  • It aims to:
    • bring fish stocks to sustainable levels
    • end wasteful fishing practices and
    • create new opportunities for growth and employment in coastal regions.

KEY POINTS

The CFP focuses on the following issues.

  • Fishing must be practiced at levels that do not threaten the reproduction of fish stocks while maximising fishermen’s catches. Fishermen must respect the ‘maximum sustainable yield’ (MSY): they must not fish more than what a given stock can produce in a given year. Fishing levels must conform to MSY levels for all stocks by 2015, if possible, and no later than 2020.
  • The CFP aims to stop the practice of returning unwanted catches to the sea, which is called discarding, by introducing the landing obligation. The implementation of the landing obligation has been gradually phased in from 2015 through 2019 and is now fully in force. Fishermen are required to land all catches of regulated commercial species on-board.
  • Multiannual plans set targets for the management of fish stocks (mortality rates by fishing type and/or size of the stock in question). EU fisheries are governed by the precautionary principle in order to limit the impact of fishing activities on the marine ecosystem. Because the preparation and adoption of multiannual plans or management plans that include discard plans takes longer than originally envisaged, Regulation (EU) 2017/2092 amends Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 to empower the European Commission to adopt discard plans in the absence of multiannual plans or management plans.
  • Catch limits and minimum sizes are laid down for certain species of fish, such as bluefin tuna and, if caught, these species must be landed on vessels, recorded and counted against quotas, where applicable.
  • EU countries must ensure the balance between fleet capacity (number and size of vessels) and fishing opportunities. If an EU country finds overcapacity in a segment of its fleet, it must develop an action plan to reduce it.
  • The CFP decentralises decision-making by bringing it closer to the fishing grounds (known as regionalisation). The regulation provides for the establishment of advisory councils for each of the geographical areas to ensure a balanced representation of all stakeholders.
  • Artisanal fisheries receive special support because they are an important aspect of cultural identity of many coastal regions. EU countries may continue, until 2022, to limit fishing in waters up to 12 nautical miles offshore.
  • EU countries must support the development of sustainable aquaculture through multiannual national plans.
  • EU countries are responsible for collecting and sharing scientific data on fish stocks. Any new policies must be adopted in accordance with the best available scientific advice.
  • New marketing standards with respect to labelling, quality and traceability allow consumers to be better informed about the origin of the fish they buy and its mode of production.
  • Biologically sensitive areas containing large populations of juvenile fish must be developed and strengthened.
  • The sustainability principle now applies to EU vessels fishing outside EU waters. The Commission is granted the power to negotiate and conclude sustainable fisheries partnership agreements on behalf of the EU with certain non-EU partner countries.These agreements:
    • allow EU vessels to fish for surplus stocks in the partner country’s exclusive economic zone* in a legally regulated environment in return for a financial contribution;
    • focus on resource conservation and environmental sustainability, ensuring that all EU vessels are subject to the same rules of control and transparency.

Review of the reformed CFP

Each year, the Commission adopts a communication to serve as a basis for a consultation on the fishing opportunities for the following year and to give an evaluation of how the CFP is working. The latest communication was published in June 2018. This state of play shows that the economic performance of the EU’s fishing fleet has improved and has benefitted many coastal communities. Average salaries and productivity have both increased since its introduction. Importantly, there has also been an increase in the number of fish stocks being fished at rates consistent with the objective of achieving MSY and an associated increase in the biomass of these stocks.

FROM WHEN DOES THE REGULATION APPLY?

It has applied since 1 January 2014.

BACKGROUND

The CFP was first launched in 1970. It has undergone several reforms, the most recent of which took effect on 1 January 2014.

For more information, see:

KEY TERMS

Exclusive economic zone: an area of coastal water and seabed within a certain distance of a country’s coastline, to which the country claims exclusive rights for fishing, drilling and other economic activities.

MAIN DOCUMENT

Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2013 on the common fisheries policy, amending Council Regulations (EC) No 1954/2003 and (EC) No 1224/2009 and repealing Council Regulations (EC) No 2371/2002 and (EC) No 639/2004 and Council Decision 2004/585/EC (OJ L 354, 28.12.2013, pp. 22-61)

Successive amendments to Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 have been incorporated in the original text. This consolidated version is of documentary value only.

RELATED DOCUMENTS

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2018/2033 of 18 October 2018 establishing a discard plan for certain demersal fisheries in south-western waters for the period 2019-2021 (OJ L 327, 21.12.2018, pp. 1-7)

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2018/2034 of 18 October 2018 establishing a discard plan for certain demersal fisheries in Nnorth-Wwestern waters for the period 2019-2021 (OJ L 327, 21.12.2018, pp. 8-16)

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2018/2035 of 18 October 2018 specifying details of implementation of the landing obligation for certain demersal fisheries in the North Sea for the period 2019-2021 (OJ L 327, 21.12.2018, pp. 17-26)

Communication from the Commission on the state of play of the common fisheries policy and consultation on the fishing opportunities for 2019 (COM(2018) 452 final, 11.6.2018)

Regulation (EU) 2016/1627 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 September 2016 on a multiannual recovery plan for bluefin tuna in the eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean, and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 302/2009 (OJ L 252, 16.9.2016, pp. 1-52)

Regulation (EU) No 1026/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on certain measures for the purpose of the conservation of fish stocks in relation to countries allowing non-sustainable fishing (OJ L 316, 14.11.2012, pp. 34-37)

last update 05.03.2019

Deze samenvatting is overgenomen van EUR-Lex.

2.

Wettekst

Verordening (EU) nr. 1380/2013 van het Europees Parlement en de Raad van 11 december 2013 inzake het gemeenschappelijk visserijbeleid, tot wijziging van Verordeningen (EG) nr. 1954/2003 en (EG) nr. 1224/2009 van de Raad en tot intrekking van Verordeningen (EG) nr. 2371/2002 en (EG) nr. 639/2004 van de Raad en Besluit 2004/585/EG van de Raad

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