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IPA II: the EU’s Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance 2014-2020
Regulation (EU) No 231/2014 establishing an Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance
WHAT IS THE AIM OF THIS REGULATION?
This second phase of the Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA II) aims to help countries wishing to join the European Union (EU) to implement comprehensive reforms to prepare for their membership. This is mainly achieved by aligning their rules and policies with EU standards and practices.
The main objective of IPA II is to support beneficiaries in adopting and implementing political, institutional, legal, administrative, social and economic reforms, with a view to EU membership.
Assistance mainly focuses on a selected number of policy areas that will help the beneficiaries to progressively meet EU accession criteria.
Support helps countries to:
-strengthen democratic institutions and the rule of law;
-reform the judiciary and public administration;
-support regional, macro-regional and cross-border cooperation as well as territorial development;
-enhance economic and social development, with a particular focus on small- and medium-sized enterprises;
-manage the EU’s internal policies upon accession.
IPA II will allow for continued support to candidate countries and potential candidates, namely Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo (as designated by UNSCR 1244/1999), Montenegro, Serbia and Turkey.
Efficient and flexible approach
For greater efficiency, the aid is more result-oriented, flexible and tailored to specific needs. The coherence between the financial assistance and the overall progress made in the implementation of the pre-accession strategy will be strengthened.
This will be achieved by:
-ensuring incentives to countries that make progress with their reforms, and in the event of under performance, funds will be reallocated;
-addressing more closely beneficiaries’ needs and better considering their technical and administrative capacities;
-leveraging more funds and exploiting synergies with international financing institutions, with the EU funds acting as a catalyst for investment in local infrastructure.
Budget and implementation
The IPA II budget for 2014-2020 is € 11.699 billion. Most of the rules and procedures for implementing this programme may be found in Regulation (EU) No 236/2014, a cross-cutting regulation which aligns and simplifies the implementation of all EU external instruments.
FROM WHEN DOES THE REGULATION APPLY?
It has applied since 1 January 2014.
For more information, see:
-Overview — Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance on the European Commission’s website.
Regulation (EU) No 231/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 2014 establishing an Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA II) (OJ L 77, 15.3.2014, pp. 11-26)
Regulation (EU) No 236/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 2014 laying down common rules and procedures for the implementation of the Union’s instruments for financing external action (OJ L 77, 15.3.2014, pp. 95-108)
Successive amendments to Regulation (EU) No 236/2014 have been incorporated in the original text. This consolidated version is of documentary value only.
last update 06.09.2016
Deze samenvatting is overgenomen van EUR-Lex.Verordening (EU) nr. 231/2014 van het Europees Parlement en de Raad van 11 maart 2014 tot vaststelling van een instrument voor pretoetredingssteun (IPA II)